I heard you want to experience Ubuntu?
Posted May 25, 2020 • 4 min read
I heard you want to experience Ubuntu?
Background:As an in-depth user of the
Ubuntusystem, I walked all the way and still encountered a lot of trouble(stepping on a lot of pits), whether it is the installation of the system or the configuration of the desktop. Therefore, here I intend to summarize the entire installation and configuration process of
To use the
Ubuntu desktop system, there are generally two ways, one is to install directly on the physical machine, and the other is to use the virtual machine technology. I have tried both of these methods. It depends on the specific use. If it is a daily play, you can install a virtual machine; if you are doing some professional work, the physical machine is smooth.
Install on physical machine
First of all, you have to download the system image, you can choose the version you want. As of now,
Ubuntu has officially launched
Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. It's getting better. Visit
Next, you need to make a
USB boot machine, this is also very simple, if you are using the
Ubuntu system, open the
Startup Disk Creator, you only need to provide the downloaded
Ubuntu ISO file, connect the
USB drive This tool will create a bootable
Ubuntu USB drive for you.
Of course, if you are using
Windows system, you can use
Universal USB Installer
. This is a small and exquisite tool, only need to configure simple information, you can easily create a launcher.
After the boot disk is made, restart the computer, press
ESC etc.(different computers will have differences), boot the computer from
USB, then follow the instructions of the boot program, In this way,
Ubuntu is installed on your physical machine.
Install Virtual Machine
Note:Here takes Ubuntu 18.04 LTS as an example.
Nowadays most computers are very powerful and can run another virtual operating system on their own operating system, which means that if you only have one computer with the
Windows operating system, but with the computer ’s memory and processing power, You can still run
macOS and other systems in it.
There are also many virtual machine softwares on the market, and the more popular ones are
VirtualBox. Take VMware as an example here, other software is similar.
If you don't need enterprise-level virtual machine support, you can consider using the free version of
VMware Player, download and install it directly.
After completion, we started to create a virtual machine.
VMware Player, click
Create a New Virtual Machine, enter the Create New Virtual Machine wizard, select
I will install the operating system later., click
Guest Operating System , The version is
Ubuntu 64 bit, click
Next, fill in the virtual machine name and storage location, click
Next, specify the initial disk space size, check
Split virtual disk into multiple files, click
Edit virtual machine settings, select
Use ISO image in
CD/DVD(SATA), select the location of the downloaded
Ubuntu image, and save.
In this way, the virtual machine is created.
Try it on?
Power On will start the virtual machine and enter the system installation page. Select
Install Ubuntu and follow the instructions step by step. After the installation is successful, restart the virtual machine.
After powering on, the virtual machine cannot adapt to the size of the host screen and needs to be adjusted.
VMware Player select the
Virtual Machine drop-down menu and select
Install VMware Tools, this will install a driver on the virtual machine.
VMware Toolsis a set of practical tools that can improve the performance of virtual machine guest operating system and improve virtual machine management. For example, after installing VMware Tools, we will be able to:
Shared folder between host and client file system
Copy and paste text, graphics and files between the virtual machine and the host or client desktop
Improved mouse performance
The clock in the virtual machine is synchronized with the clock on the host or client desktop
Script to help automate guest operating system operations
After successful installation, open
VMware Tools, you can see
xxx is the specific version number),
vmware-tools-upgrader-64 these files, copy the
VMwareTools-xxx.tar.gz compressed package to a directory(such as
Documents) and unzip it, open the terminal , Enter
vmware-install.pl this file.
This script will start the installation of
VMware Tools, a confirmation option will appear, select the default all the way.
If you finally see the following message, it means the installation has been successful.
–The VMware team
Restart the virtual machine and found that it is already full screen.
In this way, we successfully installed
Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, and then we can update the software and do some personalized configuration. I will share my personal plan in the next article.
_Hope this article is helpful to you:) _