I heard you want to experience Ubuntu?

Posted May 25, 20204 min read

I heard you want to experience Ubuntu?

Background:As an in-depth user of the Ubuntu system, I walked all the way and still encountered a lot of trouble(stepping on a lot of pits), whether it is the installation of the system or the configuration of the desktop. Therefore, here I intend to summarize the entire installation and configuration process of Ubuntu for reference.

To use the Ubuntu desktop system, there are generally two ways, one is to install directly on the physical machine, and the other is to use the virtual machine technology. I have tried both of these methods. It depends on the specific use. If it is a daily play, you can install a virtual machine; if you are doing some professional work, the physical machine is smooth.

Install on physical machine

First of all, you have to download the system image, you can choose the version you want. As of now, Ubuntu has officially launched Ubuntu 20.04 LTS. It's getting better. Visit here to download.

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Next, you need to make a USB boot machine, this is also very simple, if you are using the Ubuntu system, open the Startup Disk Creator, you only need to provide the downloaded Ubuntu ISO file, connect the USB drive This tool will create a bootable Ubuntu USB drive for you.

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Of course, if you are using Windows system, you can use Universal USB Installer . This is a small and exquisite tool, only need to configure simple information, you can easily create a launcher.

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After the boot disk is made, restart the computer, press F2 or F10 or ESC etc.(different computers will have differences), boot the computer from USB, then follow the instructions of the boot program, In this way, Ubuntu is installed on your physical machine.

Install Virtual Machine

Note:Here takes Ubuntu 18.04 LTS as an example.

Nowadays most computers are very powerful and can run another virtual operating system on their own operating system, which means that if you only have one computer with the Windows operating system, but with the computer ’s memory and processing power, You can still run Chrome OS, Solaris, Ubuntu, macOS and other systems in it.

There are also many virtual machine softwares on the market, and the more popular ones are VMware and VirtualBox. Take VMware as an example here, other software is similar.

If you don't need enterprise-level virtual machine support, you can consider using the free version of VMware Player, download and install it directly.

After completion, we started to create a virtual machine.

Open VMware Player, click Create a New Virtual Machine, enter the Create New Virtual Machine wizard, select I will install the operating system later., click Next, select Linux in Guest Operating System , The version is Ubuntu 64 bit, click Next, fill in the virtual machine name and storage location, click Next, specify the initial disk space size, check Split virtual disk into multiple files, click Next, click Finish. Click Edit virtual machine settings, select Use ISO image in CD/DVD(SATA), select the location of the downloaded Ubuntu image, and save.

In this way, the virtual machine is created.

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Try it on?

Clicking Power On will start the virtual machine and enter the system installation page. Select Install Ubuntu and follow the instructions step by step. After the installation is successful, restart the virtual machine.

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After powering on, the virtual machine cannot adapt to the size of the host screen and needs to be adjusted.

In the VMware Player select the Virtual Machine drop-down menu and select Install VMware Tools, this will install a driver on the virtual machine.

VMware Tools is a set of practical tools that can improve the performance of virtual machine guest operating system and improve virtual machine management. For example, after installing VMware Tools, we will be able to:

  1. Shared folder between host and client file system

  2. Copy and paste text, graphics and files between the virtual machine and the host or client desktop

  3. Improved mouse performance

  4. The clock in the virtual machine is synchronized with the clock on the host or client desktop

  5. Script to help automate guest operating system operations

After successful installation, open VMware Tools, you can see manifest.txt, run_upgrader.sh, VMwareTools-xxx.tar.gz(this xxx is the specific version number), vmware- tools-upgrader-32, vmware-tools-upgrader-64 these files, copy the VMwareTools-xxx.tar.gz compressed package to a directory(such as Documents) and unzip it, open the terminal , Enter VMwareTools-xxx/vmware-tools-distrib, run vmware-install.pl this file.

$Sudo ./vmware-tools.pl

This script will start the installation of VMware Tools, a confirmation option will appear, select the default all the way.

If you finally see the following message, it means the installation has been successful.

Enjoy,

–The VMware team

Restart the virtual machine and found that it is already full screen.

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In this way, we successfully installed Ubuntu 18.04 LTS, and then we can update the software and do some personalized configuration. I will share my personal plan in the next article.

_Hope this article is helpful to you:) _